Revolution Under Siege
From Warsaw to Vladivostok
Play the greatest civil war
of all times !
Will the Proletarian Revolution triumph against reactionary forces ? Or will you crush the Bolsheviks and save the Czar ?
1917. Red October. The Russian Revolution explodes and will change History forever ! But the birth of the Soviet Regime is not exactly painless, while its enemies triy by all means to destroy it in an amazing struggle : while the Reds stand in Central Russia, the Whites attack from all directions.
The first PC historical simulation on the Russian Revolution.
Made by a passionate team that have already worked on Ageod's American Civil War, Revolution Under Siege proposes to play one of the bloodiest and most hectic period in History.
Blood in the Snow !
1917-1923 : over the ruins of a world everyone thought would last forever; ruthless men are fighting the cruelest of all civil wars ever.
Bolshevik revolutionaries, Nationalist officers, Polish patriots... or foreign Imperialists: choose your side and fear no one, as this is a fight to the death.
From the fall of ancient Russia to the advent of a new utopia that changed the face of the world, you are leading millions of poorly equipped men and impressive armored trains in this conflict so unique…
Can you save Holy Russia from the Red peril? Could you be the equal of Trotsky and crush the Counter-Revolution? From the outcome of the struggle will a new XXth century be born?
-From Eastern Europe to the Pacific: use all the weapons and troops at your disposal, from partisan warbands to aircrafts, tanks and valiant armies of Cossacks cavalrymen.
-Discover a game with unequaled historical realism: a map of Russia with exceptional precision, units recreated in details from the historical data, hundreds of leaders and officers to lead your forces, all in the midst of a faithfully recreated political context.
-From a ragtag band of volunteers in a devastated land, you’ll forge a complete war machine, division by division, with all the equipment of the modern era, including armored trains, tanks and aircrafts.
-Discover campaigns covering the main years of the conflict in Russia, and even fight inside the territories of former Imperial Russia, while leading your forces in the Finnish Civil War (1918) or during the Soviet-Polish war (1920)
You may even re-write History, thanks to what-if scenarios. What would have happened if France and Great-Britain had intervened in force to strangle the Bolsheviks while still in their cradle? Or if Imperial Germany, fresh from her western victory during World War One, had made a move East after the fall in Paris ?
Recomended Minimal Configuration :
OS: Windows XP/Vista/Seven
Dual Core PC (XP: Single Core PC)
3 Gb RAM (XP: 1.5 Gb RAM)
Carte vidéo : 256 Mb Video RAM
2 Gb of Hard disk space
DirectX 9.0c et Sound Card
Download the trial
1917: the year of chaos
The fall of a thousand-year old empire
No single country suffered more from the Great War than Imperial Russia. With 1,700,000 deaths and almost 6 millions wounded, the casualty list breaks a record and the unending string of defeats shows the weakness of the regime. On the front lines, the soldiers no longer bear the ruthless incompetence of their officers, the iron discipline and the constant lack of supplies.
In the rear, famine is present everywhere and the war has destroyed whatever economic progress was achieved since the beginning of the XXth century. The Duma (assembly) has warned the Czar about the dangers of such a situation, but the former lives isolated in his special train at the front and has lost contact with the country’s realities.
The influence of the Czarina, of German origin, and of her counselor, Rasputin, murdered in December 1916 by noblemen, has done a lot to discredit the Imperial family.
The February Revolution
In February 1917, strikes burst out in the capital city of Petrograd. Fighting with the police takes its toll with the first victims and the revengeful crowd plunders the police station for weapons. The authorities mobilize the garrison, but most of the troops go over to the insurgents.
Desperate, the Czar dissolves the Duma and names a Provisional Committee. On March 2nd, while most of Petrograd’s regiments have joined the rebellion, the Headquarters, led by Chief General Alexeiev, forces the Czar to abdicate.
His brother, Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovich, refuses to take the succession. The Czar regime everyone though eternal is dead in all but a few days.
In the confusion that follows, the different governments attempt to satisfy the popular demands, but barely manage to do so, and, worst of all, cannot find a way to end the war.
Their major mistake is also to let Soviet committees establish themselves almost everywhere, whose authority is in direct opposition to that of the government. Most political parties lose credit, while the small Bolshevik faction led by Lenin plays it radical in order to gather general discontent.
Failure of the Provisional Government
In July 1917, the Kerensky offensive is another failure, and the army starts to disintegrate, demanding signing of the peace. The authorities attempt to restore order with a repression of the Bolsheviks while General Kornilov orders to open fire on soldiers that would refuse an attack command.
As soon as he has been appointed Commander in Chief, he leads a putsch to try to crush the Soviets, restore order and put back the country in the war.
To defend Petrograd, Kerensky must accept to deliver weapons to the Bolsheviks. The days of the provisional government are numbered...
The counter-revolutionary attempt from Kornilov throws the masses and the Soviets in the arms of Lenin’s party. Trotsky is elected President of the Petrograd Soviet on September 30th.
In the countryside, peasants take up by force the lands of the nobles. That news provokes thousands of desertions from soldiers who return to their villages to take part in the land grab.
The Bolsheviks in power
The inability of the provisional government to quell the people’s impatience allows the Bolsheviks to take power during the night of the 24th to the 25th October, almost without resistance. On the 26th, the Soviets ratify the creation of a Council of the People’s Commissars (Sovnarkom) made up almost exclusively of Bolsheviks (SR and Mensheviks are denouncing the illegal capture of power). Russia has a new master.
The first decision of the new government is to start peace talks with all belligerents in order to sign an immediate peace. A decree abolishes the great land lordship without any indemnity and thus confirms the sharing of the land by the peasants.
Lenin and Trotsky are both conscious of the fragility of their power in this exhausted country, and have no hope for outside help. While the first uprisings break out in the South, Lenin confesses that his goal is to hold more than 72 days, which was how long lasted the Commune de Paris before it was crushed by French troops in 1871.
Great Battles of the Russian Civil WarJune 1919:
Tzaritsyn, the fall of the Red Verdun
The capture of Tzaritsyn was the greatest White victory. At the start of the year, the anti-Red forces had earned some success in the Caucasus and felt ready to turn toward the north and heart of Russia. As early as spring, combats are raging in the Don and Donets regions, north of Rostov. But Denikin is worried about is left flank, where the large industrial city of Tzaritsyn (soon to become Stalingrad) has withstood all Cossacks onslaughts in 1918 and is still a base for Red forces. In April 1919, the Xth Red army, led by Egorov, had even launched a counter-attack that reached the banks of the river Manych, far into the rear of the Whites.
This offensive is the cause of a renewed argument between Denikin and the talented general Wrangel, commander of the Army of the Caucasus. The latter is in favor of an attack towards Tzaritsyn in order to link with the White forces of Admiral Kolchak in the Ural. Denikin is more in favor of striking to the Don first, directly towards Moscow.
Egorov's offensive has changed the situation and Wrangel is ordered to counter-attack with his army of 20,000 Caucasian troops and Kuban Cossacks, most of which are cavalry. He promises his superior to reach Tzaritsyn within three weeks. He crosses quickly the Manych and launches a pursuit of the routing Xth Red army along the railroad to the city, which the Reds have conscientiously destroyed.
The Bolsheviks have reinforced their positions with troops taken from the Ural and Astrakhan regions. Their forces are more numerous than those of Wrangel (23,000 men, 6 armored trains, strong artillery and gunboats on the Volga in support) and have a strong trench and fortification network in the city. Wrangel’s troops have the quality advantage, but they lack the needed infantry to capture those positions. However, the Whites general decides to attack the city on June 12th, to prevent the Reds from reinforcing even more. The 2nd corps under Ulagaï attacks from the south, Shatilov’s 4th corps from the west and Pokrovski’s 1st corps on the left flank, trying to outflank the city from the north-west.
Meanwhile, Lenin reaffirms that Tzaritsyn has a vital importance and sends a telegram to the Xth army so that it holds at all costs, catching it in the midst of initial evacuation measures.
White’s assaults stumble with heavy losses. On June 17th, the Communists receive reinforcements and launch local counter-attacks. Budienny’s cavalry in particular manages to repulse the Caucasians. Wrangel waits for more infantry and tanks to join before renewing the attack, but an unexpected event will play in his favor.
The commander of the Reds’ IXth army, Vsevolodov, defects to the Whites, just after ordering his troops to retreat. This creates a breach in the north where the cavalry corps from general Mamontov pours in. To protect its rear, the Xth army must remove troops from the southern sector facing Wrangel.
The latter has finally received the heavy assets he was awaiting and launches a new frontal attack. It starts on the 29th June, with tanks and armored cars leading the way for infantry inside the barbed wires fortifications. White infantry, supported by the 47th Squadron of the British RAF, breaks into the breach while the Reds retreat. On the eastern flank, the armored trains move forward and fire on the Red ships on the Volga. The next day, the heights over the city are occupied by the attackers and the defense is bound to complete encirclement by the cavalry under Shatilov.
Kliuiev, the new commander of the Xth army since Egorov was wounded orders evacuation during the night of the 30th June to the 1st of July.
On July 3rd, Denikin launches his famous order of “General March towards Moscow”, after his triumphant entrance inside the city. That should sound the end of the Communist regime, but the offensive will finally fail in front of Orel.
Decisive shock at Orel
On July 3rd, Denikin launches his famous order of “General March towards Moscow” from recently conquered Tzaritsyn. The Whites are holding most of Ukraine and Southern Russia and are surging northward to grab victory. Against Wrangel’s advice, who favored concentration of forces, Denikin launches his forces under three different axis of progression towards the Red capital. Its main strike force is made of the Volunteer Army, which captures Kursk on 20th September and moves towards Orel, with the 1st corps under Kutepov (21,000 men of elite White troops) leading the way. Moscow is only 350 km away.
In response, the Bolsheviks create a shock group made of divisions of Balt troops (Latvians mostly) and Red Cossacks. In all, 13,000 men that will add up to the 37,000 soldiers of the XIIIth and XIVth Red armies.
General Egorov, who leads the Reds, orders all his units to counter-attack, in order to halt the enemy and slow down the retreat of the Communist forces that has lasted too long. But the Latvians fusiliers are moving too slowly and the White ‘Kornilov’ division, with the help of 2 armored trains, takes the city of Orel on October 13th.
The city of Tula, which has the largest weapon factory of all Russia, is only a few kilometers away !
On the Red side, the XIIIth and XIVth armies are almost breaking when Egorov asks the Balt troops to attack the rear of the ‘Kornilov’ to prevent them to move any further towards Tula. Slightly to the East, White regiment ‘Alexeiev’ is also moving towards Tula and has captured Elets, while the ‘Drozdovski’ division has taken the train station at Brasovo.
On 20th October, Kutepov must however evacuate Orel because of the threat the Reds are bearing on the railroad link to Kursk. He sets up a line of defense on the south of the city. This setback allows the red morale to recover after months of reverses and surrenders. They receive in addition reinforcements en masse, while the Whites replacements are arriving in small increments.
In the following days, the assault waves of Bolsheviks troops are repulsed by the combination of the high quality of White soldiers, their leadership and the support of armored trains. The Whites nevertheless are forced to withdraw, step by step, in front of the increasing unbalance of numbers.
Denikin realizes that the advance of his forces is stemmed and that he cannot win in front of an opponent that receives increased reinforcements. The elite division ‘Kornilov’ for instance has lost two-thirds of its complement.
Unfortunately, the planned and careful retreat of the Army of Volunteers turns into a rout when the Red cavalry under Budienny breaks the White lines in the south, near Voronej. Combined with the action of the Anarchists under Makhno in the Ukraine, temporary allies of the Bolsheviks, the offensive of the Communist cavalry disintegrates the rear of Denikin and promises complete defeat.
The Whites are forced to start a retreat that will end on the banks of the Black Sea.
Yudenich marshes on Petrograd
One of the main weaknesses of the Whites was that they were separated from each other in various fronts, far away and without any possibility of real coordination with each other. General Nicolai Yudenich was appointed by Kolchak commander in chief of all White forces in the Baltic region ; taking the lead of a ‘Army of the Northwest’ to menace Petrograd... but much too late to help the troops of Denikin which were in deep fighting near Orel at the same time.
Yudenich launches his offensive on 28th September 1919 from Estonia, the independence of which he has just recognized (a very rare fact among White leaders) in exchange of support. According to the British, who offered a large logistic and naval support (The Royal Navy attacked the Red naval base at Cronstadt) as well as tanks and aircrafts, Yudenich has around 17,000 men Russian and Estonians.
His troops break through the VIIth Red army and reach Gatchina and Tsarskoye Selo, former summer residence of the Czar, a few kilometers from Petrograd. However, he cannot receive Finnish support to his offensive. General Mannerheim, the hero of Finland’s independence was in favor, but has left power just a few weeks before the attack.
On the battlefield, the 3rd White division fails to take Tosno, a strategic position on the Petrograd-Moscow rail line.
This failure means the end of the offensive as the Reds are still able to send reinforcements to the former capital. Their own counter-offensive starts on October 21st.
With 73,000 men, they repulse the Army of the Northwest back to her Estonian bases. Fearing Red reprisals, the Estonians proceed to disarm their former allies and sign a peace treaty with Moscow on February 2nd, 1920.
Summer 1920: the ramparts of Warsaw
The new Poland was born from the Austro-German defeat of November 1918. She is reborn after 250 years since her territory was partitioned between Russia, Prussia and Austria. But the question of her eastern borders remains open, as no treaty exists with Russia. The new Polish state considers that all of western Ukraine is its natural possession and fears any renewal of Russian power. They know that both the Bolsheviks and the Whites (who always said they would restore Russia within its 1914 borders – Poland included) are a deadly threat for the new republic. Joseph Pilsudski, the main artisan of Polish independence, prefers to play a waiting game initially. As long as Whites and Reds are tearing at each other, it is Russia as a whole which is weak.
But the collapse of the White armies by the end of 1919, convinces Pilsudski that the Reds are about to invade his country. So he decides to strike first early in 1920. On 26th April, Polish troops with 20,000 Ukrainian nationalist allies enter in the Ukraine and soon capture Kiev.
On the Soviet side, the nationalistic fiber is used against this secular opponent. Former Imperial officers such as the famous general Brusilov rally to the Reds to repulse the invader.
At this stage, the Red Army is a considerable force of over 5 million men, even if only 800,000 are frontline fighters. Kiev is recaptured on June 12th.
In July, most of the Ukraine has been recaptured and Sovnarkom quarrels on the next steps. Trotsky would prefer signing of a quick peace, as he knows the army is exhausted and might crumble on the first defeat. But Lenin wants to capture Warsaw to help foster general revolution in Europe. Trotsky concedes but declines to lead the invasion of Poland.
This invasion is organized along two axes. In the south, Egorov and political commissar Stalin, launches the XIIth and XIVth armies, with the Ist Cavalry Army under Budienny, from Kiev to Warsaw, via Lublin. In the north, Tukhachevsky will attempt to reach the Polish capital from Minsk with his IIIrd, IVth, XVth and XVIth armies.
On its side, the Polish army is of recent creation and not all its leaders are up to their boasts. However, it has receive a massive influx of French war material (including the famous Renault FT17, the best light tank of the day) and support of a French military mission made of 200 officers, including a captain named De Gaulle. This mission is led by General Weygand, and will be the core of Warsaw’s defense. On the battlefield, the French officers take direct action, including leading Polish troops into combat.
Too confident, the Red leaders accumulate serious mistakes from the start of the offensive in July. In the north, Tukhachevsky moves too fast without protecting his flanks or taking into account the exhaustion of his troops. Stalin barely cooperates with Tukhachevsky and convinces Egorov to deviate from the road to Warsaw in order to take Lvov.
In Warsaw, Weygand seizes on the opportunity of the movement change. He takes troops to counter-attack in the north while transforming the city into a fortified camp. This stops Tukhachevsky and a shoestring army led by Pilsudski himself strikes the former on the flank. Red forces are surprised and routed, leaving almost 66,000 prisoners. Blocked in the Lvov area, the Red southern army group is too far to intervene.
This unexpected victory, known as the ‘Vistula Miracle’, consolidates the independence of the Polish nation that is about to see worse in the future.
The victory of the soviets
Cronstadt, the end of illusions
The Baltic sailors have been in all battles of the Civil War. From Finland to Crimea, they formed experienced and politically secure units to work as cadre for less reliable Reds units.
Once the Whites had been defeated, their morale was dispirited by the state of famine and misery that has befallen Mother Russia, to which Cheka persecution of the strikers in Petrograd adds insult to injury. The Soviet power does not seem to work for the people’s happiness !
So the Cronstadt sailors Soviet adopts a resolution that will become famous, demanding free elections, abolition of the Cheka, liberation of political detainees, freedom of work and commerce.
On March 1st, the Bolshevik delegates that met them to negotiate and then threaten are arrested. A revolutionary soviet takes control of the fortress.
The news has a deep impact in all of Russia, due to the symbolic value of the place. Trotsky reaches Petrograd on March 5th and charges Tukhachevsky to crush the rebels.
A first attack on March 8th fails in front of the fortress and fleet artillery. A week later, a new assault is launched, under cover of the fog. 50,000 elite soldiers cross the frozen sea. They reach the fortress and enter into savage close combat.
The Reds loses 25,000 men but finally capture the position. The sailors who could not flee to Finland are executed or deported. Order reigns once again in Soviet Russia.
Revolution Under Siege into press:
« Can the Reds into space. » See the link
« Welcome to the Twentieth Century » See the link
« L'Histoire lui donnera raison ? » See the link
« Welcome to the Twentieth Century » See the link
Inc. Gamers :
« a hardcore turn-based strategy title based around
the events of the Russian Civil War » See the link
« Ta kontroll i en av tidenes blodigste borgerkriger »
See the link